Posts Tagged: marine biology

Meet Yoko Iwamoto

Meet Yoko Iwamoto

  Water is an all-encompassing part of Yoko Iwamoto’s life. She grew up by the sea, influencing her decision to study the ocean. Her studies have taken her as far north as the Bering Sea and as far south as the Equator. Now a marine chemist at Hiroshima University, Iwamoto studies the interaction between Earth’s oceans and atmosphere – and what this means for climate change.   What was your first time on a boat like? My first time was in Kure, where I was born. Kure is a seaside town south of here known for its shipbuilding. My family relatives had a boat. A very small boat — it… Read more

Promoting parasites: Researchers’ quest to identify freshwater fish parasites in Japan

Promoting parasites: Researchers’ quest to identify freshwater fish parasites in Japan

  Hiroshima University scientists have identified a new species of parasite infecting an invasive freshwater fish on the subtropical island of Okinawa, Japan. The results are part of a project to find parasites that have arrived in Japan with their non-native hosts and understand the role of parasites in natural ecosystems.  Tracking parasites can be one scientific method to monitor ecosystem health and attempt to conserve biodiversity. The project began in 2012 when one of the researchers was trying to fill some of his free time.  Masato Nitta, now a second-year PhD student at Hiroshima University, recognized some invasive fish in the stream that runs through the campus of the… Read more

Well-wrapped feces allow lobsters to eat jellyfish stingers without injury

Well-wrapped feces allow lobsters to eat jellyfish stingers without injury

Results advance efforts for sustainable lobster aquaculture Lobsters eat jellyfish without harm from the venomous stingers due to a series of physical adaptations.  Researchers from Hiroshima University examined lobster feces to discover that lobsters surround their servings of jellyfish in protective membranes that prevent the stingers from injecting their venom.  The results are vial for aquaculture efforts to sustainably farm lobsters for diners around the world. Lobsters grow for years before becoming a red-shelled main meal.  In their early life stages, the larvae of slipper and spiny lobsters are nearly transparent and about the size of an adult’s thumb nail.  Lobster larvae ride around the ocean on the bodies of… Read more

Potential of disk-shaped small structures, coccoliths

Potential of disk-shaped small structures, coccoliths

To promote efficient bioenergy production Researchers at Hiroshima University and the University of Tsukuba showed that coccolith disks made of calcium carbonate in Emiliania huxleyi, one of the promising biomass resources, potentially perform roles in reducing and enhancing the light that enters the cell by light scattering. Elucidation of the physiological significance of coccolith formation in E. huxleyi can help promote efficient bioenergy production using microalgae. The energy issue is one of the most important problems on earth. Recently, many types of renewable energy resources such as solar light, wind, water, and biomass have attracted attention for their use as alternatives for fossil fuels. Coccoliths are disk-shaped plates of calcium carbonate formed by… Read more

How many organisms do live in this aquatic habitat?

How many organisms do live in this aquatic habitat?

Environmental DNA survey surrounding you     The aim of this new measurement method is to estimate the distribution of aquatic animals using droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) in order to quantify the number of target DNA copies present. This method focuses on quantification accuracy for low environmental DNA (eDNA) concentrations, because the eDNA recovered for target species from field samples typically occur in very low concentrations. This technique can be applied for habitat research on rare or non-native species in the field. Evaluations of species distribution and biomass are fundamental in studies on the population dynamics and community structure of an ecosystem. Recently, the eDNA method was developed… Read more