Posts Tagged: cell biology

Math shows why animals see at night

Math shows why animals see at night

Original text by Margaux Phares, edited by Emma Buchet. Biological experiments confirm mathematical modeling of retina development in mice By combining mathematics with science, an interdisciplinary team at Hiroshima University (HU) found how changes in the shape of DNA structure affect the nuclei of nocturnal animals. Their findings could help explain how nocturnal animals, such… Read more

Tumor energy source found by scientists at Hiroshima University, University of Cincinnati and Keio University

Tumor energy source found by scientists at Hiroshima University, University of Cincinnati and Keio University

Original text by University of Cincinnati. Edited by Emma Buchet, Hiroshima University. UC researchers unlock cancer cells’ feeding mechanism, central to tumor growth The findings could lead to new treatments by blocking tumor growth at its roots. An international team led by researchers from the University of Cincinnati and Japan’s Keio and Hiroshima universities has… Read more

Airborne particles can send our detox systems into overdrive

Airborne particles can send our detox systems into overdrive

An international team of scientists have observed a previously unclear inflammatory mechanism caused by airborne particles that can worsen asthma symptoms, it has been reported in Toxicological Sciences. As the world gets more and more industrialized, the risk of developing respiratory diseases increases. Very small particles released from industry and vehicle fumes are harmful to… Read more

Family dynamics: molecules from the same family have different effects in cancer prognosis

Family dynamics: molecules from the same family have different effects in cancer prognosis

Scientists observe that one molecule increases liposarcoma tumor cell spread and aggression while another molecule from the same family decreases migration and cell proliferation. Researchers at Hiroshima University have found that different levels of two molecules of the same family—TIMP-1 and TIMP-4—can influence prognosis of liposarcoma. High levels of TIMP-1 lead to a poor prognosis… Read more

The ups and downs of transportation within cells

The ups and downs of transportation within cells

New role for Rab6 How do cells avoid growing topsy-turvy?  Growing so your top, front, bottom and back all wind up on the correct side requires a good sense of direction at the cellular level.  A Hiroshima University research group has identified a familiar gene with an unexpected role in directing proteins around the cell…. Read more